Mongolia is the world’s least densely populated country, with a population of approximately 2.8 million people living in a vast area of 1.56 million square kilometers.
Mongolia has a relatively young population compared to other emerging market countries, with an average age of 26 years.
Ethnic Mongols comprise approximately 94.9% of the population, Kazakh 5% and Turkic, Chinese and Russians make up the remaining population. Ulaanbaatar is Mongolia’s capital and largest city and home to approximately 45% of the country’s population.
Population: 2.9 million
Population growth rate: 1.7% (2008 – 2011)
Average life expectancy: 68.3 years (2010 actual)
Ethnic groups: Mongol (94.9%), Kazakh (5%), others (including Turks, Ch.inese and Russians) (0.1 %)
Religion: Buddhist (50%), others (6%), Muslim (4%), none (40%)