Geography and climate

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Mongolia is the world’s second largest landlocked country and occupies a territory of 1.56 million  square kilometers: It extends 2,392 kilometers from west to east and 1,259  kilometers from north to  south. Mongolia is located in Northern Asia, bordered by Russia in the north and China in the south,  east and west.

Mongolia has approximately 3,000 rivers with a combined length of approximately   67,000 kilometers, over 3,000 lakes, 6,900 springs, 190 glaciers and 250 mineral water springs.

Ulaanbaatar has the lowest  average  temperature of any  national capital city in the world. Mongolia’s average annual rainfall, measures  between  200 to 220 millimeters and it has approximately 250 cloudless days each year, earning it the nickname  “country  of blue sky.”

Location: Northern  Asia,  landlocked  between  China  and Russia

Area: 1,565 thousand  square  kilometers  (19th largest  in the world)

Boundaries: Total:   8,253  kilometers,   with  China  (4,710  kilometers   in  the south),  and with  Russia  (3,543  kilometers  in the  north)

Climate: Dry  continental   climate  with  desert,  steppe  and  mountain   zones with large  daily and  seasonal  temperature  ranges

Major  natural resources:  Copper, coal, iron ore, gold, silver, fluorspar, uranium, tin, tungsten, oil and rare earth  elements

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